Gastritis is an inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the lining of the stomach.
Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes swollen or inflamed. It can be acute, meaning it strikes suddenly then goes away, or it can be chronic -- lingering for months or in some cases years.
Gastritis can have a number of causes. Most commonly it's caused by infection from bacteria like Helicobacter pylori. In some cases a back up of bile in the stomach is responsible for the condition while in others an autoimmune disorder is the offender. Long-term use of a NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen may cause the stomach lining to become inflamed. Traumatic injury and excessive bile reflux may also be a contributing factor. Drinking too much wine and spirits may contribute to the condition as well; and stress can aggravate gastritis symptoms.
Sometimes gastritis doesn't cause any symptoms. When it does, it typically presents itself with a gnawing or burning feeling in the abdomen that feels either worse or better after eating. Nausea and vomiting may be present. You also may feel a sense of fullness after eating or have a reduced appetite. Heartburn and hiccups may also other gastritis symptoms. If gastritis has resulted in stomach bleeding, you may have blood in your stools or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
Your physician may suspect that you have gastritis just by listening to your symptoms. However, to make a clear diagnosis, your doctor may have you take a few tests. For example, a test for Helicobacter pylori, through a breath, blood, or stool test, may be conducted to see if the H. pylori bacterium is present in your body. Your doctor may also decide that an endoscopy is necessary. Here, your doctor inserts a small hollow instrument to look into your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine for any signs of inflammation. In some cases, a barium swallow or upper gastrointestinal series is conducted to look for abnormalities in your digestive tract. A barium swallow test, for example, can make an ulcer in your stomach more visible.
The treatment of gastritis symptoms depends on the cause. For instance, if the gastritis is acute and likely caused by too much alcohol or NSAID use, the stoppage of these substances may eliminate the condition. If gastritis is chronic or is caused by the H. pylori bacteria, you may be given antibiotics, medications (prescription or over-the-counter) to block or reduce acid production, or antacids that neutralize stomach acid. In some cases, probiotics are recommended to help suppress the H. pylori infection. Probiotics are helpful if taking antibiotics to combat the H. pylori, because they help to replace the good bacteria being destroyed by the antibiotics.
The outcome of prognosis is generally favorable, and doesn't typically cause any permanent stomach lining damage. However, possible complications include blood loss and an increased risk of developing gastric cancer.
SEROVERA Makes the List:
SEROVERA is recognized as one of the Fastest Growing AMP Companies globally. With TWO distribution centers (North America & Europe), representing their commitment to growth, success, and advancement of the AMP industry.
Direct Testimonials from SEROVERA® Customers